People

actorsActors – Famous actors, including Alec Guinness, Katherine Hepburn, Audrey Hepburn and Grace Kelly.

David_LivingstoneAdventurers – Famous adventurers and explorers, including Christopher Colombus, Marco Polo, Roald Amundsen and Neil Armstrong.

artArtists – A list of the great artists, including Leonardo da Vinci, Claude Monet, Vincent Van Gogh, Pablo Picasso, Michelangelo and Rembrandt.

gatesBusiness people – Famous businessmen and women. Including Bill Gates, Oprah Winfrey, Henry Ford and Steve Jobs.

comicsComedians – Some of the great comedians including Charlie Chaplin, Groucho Marx, Peter Sellers, Johnny Carson and John Cleese.

writerEconomists – Famous economists from Adam Smith to Milton Friedman and Paul Krugman.

Entrepreneurs – Famous entrepreneurs who have set up and created successful business, including Henry Ford, Steve Jobs and Bill Gates.

womenFemale biographies – A list of famous women from Sappho and Cleopatra to Marilyn Monroe and Angela Merkel.

MotherTeresa

Humanitarians – Famous people who have offered charitable service to others, including Mother Teresa, Florence Nightingale and Princess Diana.

Inventors – Famous inventors including Cai Lun, Leonardo da Vinci, Galileo, Thomas Edison, Nikola Tesla, Sir Isaac Newton, James Watt and Samuel Morse.

lawrenceMilitary figures – Famous military leaders and soldiers, including: Alexander the Great, Napoleon, Ataturk, Erwin Rommel, Winston Churchill and Dwight Eisenhower.

musicMusicians – Famous musicians from classical music to popular music. Including Mozart, Beethoven, Bach and John Lennon.

peaceNobel Prize winners – Winners of the Nobel Peace Prize, such as Mikhail Gorbachev, Desmond Tutu and Mother Teresa.

William_BlakePoets – The great poets. William Blake, Emily Dickinson, John Keats, Homer, R. Tagore.

gorbachevPoliticians – Politicians from across the world. Including Abraham Lincoln, Charles de Gaulle and Indira Gandhi.

Revolutionaries – People who inspired or began revolutions. Including Spartacus, Joan of Arc, George Washington, Karl Marx.

politicians Royalty – Famous Kings and Queens throughout history. Including Henry VIII, Queen Victoria and Catherine the Great.

scientisScientists – Famous scientists from Aristotle and Archimedes to Albert Einstein and Charles Darwin. Including mathematicians, biologists, physicists and chemists.

spiritualSpiritual figures – Famous saints, mystics and religious figures. Including Jesus Christ, The Buddha, Lord Krishna.

aliSports people – Famous sportsmen/women. Muhammad Ali, Serena Williams, Pele and Usain Bolt.

writerWriters and authors – Famous authors such as J.R.R. Tolkien, William Shakespeare, Leo Tolstoy, John Steinbeck and Ernest Hemingway.

People by nationality

Flag_of_Africa Africans

lincoln-abrahamAmericans – Great Americans from the Founding Fathers to modern civil rights activists. Including presidents, authors, musicians, entrepreneurs and businessmen. Featuring Thomas Jefferson, Abraham Lincoln, Madonna, Oprah Winfrey.

Famous ShakespeareEnglish people – Famous English men and women. From Anne Boleyn and Queen Elizabeth I to Henry VIII and Winston Churchill. Includes the great poets – William Shakespeare, William Blake and William Wordsworth.

donald-bradmanFamous Australians – Great Australians including Sir Howard Florey, Kylie Minogue, Saint Mary MacKillop and Andrew Banjo Paterson.

mozartFamous Austrians. Famous Austrians, including Marie Antoinette, Sigmund Freud and musicians, such as Mozart, Franz Liszt, Schubert. Also Austrian political figures.

Sir_Winston_S_ChurchillGreat Briton list – Top 100 famous Britons as voted by a BBC poll. Including Winston Churchill, William Shakespeare, Thomas Cromwell and Queen Elizabeth I.

holland Dutch

europe-flag Europeans

france-flag French

Germansgerman-flag

poland-flagPolish

Flag_of_India Indians

Flag_of_Ireland.Irish

italy-flagItalians

russia-flag Russians

scotland-flagScottish

sweden-flag Swedish

Flag_of_WalesWelsh

Inspirational people

Nelson_MandelaCourageous people – people who have overcome difficult circumstances and difficult odds.

Martin_Luther_King_JrInspirational people – People who made a difference in a positive way and left the world a better place.

lincoln-abrahamPeople who fought for human /civil rights – People who campaigned for equality, civil rights and civil justice.

Mary_Wollstonecraft_cph.3b11901Women’s Rights Activists – Women who championed the cause of women’s rights. Including Mary Wollstonecraft, Emily Pankhurst, Susan B.Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton.

 

People by Time Period

the-histories-heroditusMajor periods in world history. A list of the major periods in world history. Including the Stone Age, Bronze Age and Iron Age. It also includes modern eras, which have lasted only a few decades, such as the Gilded Age, Progressive Age and the Information Age.

ramsesFamous historical figures (throughout history) A list of the most famous figures throughout history. Includes, Buddha, Jesus Christ, Muhammad, Julius Ceasar, Albert Einstein and Constantine the Great.

Ancient Greeks (8th Century BCE to 1 CE) Famous people of the classical Greek period. Poets, statesmen and the fore-runners of democracy. Includes Plato, Aristotle, Socrates and Hippocrates.

leonardo-da-vinciPeople of the Renaissance (1350s to 1650s) The Renaissance covers the flowering of art and culture in Europe. Primarily in art, but also in science. Includes Leonardo da Vinci, Michelangelo and Raphael.

voltairePeople of the Enlightenment (1650s to 1780s) The Enlightenment is a period which saw the growth in intellectual reason, individualism and a challenge to existing religious and political structures.

John_KeatsPeople of the Romantic Era (1790s to 1850s) Romantic poets (Blake, Keats, Coleridge, Wordsworth and Shelley) and Romantic artists, composers and writers.

britishIndustrial Revolution (1750s to 1900) The great inventors, entrepreneurs and businessmen of the industrial revolution. Also includes the social activists of the era, such as Charles Dickens.

giuseppe-garibaldiPeople of the Nineteenth Century (1801 to 1900) Nineteenth Century saw the economic boom of the industrial revolution and world-wide movements for political change.

Queen_VictoriaVictorian age (1837 to 1901) The principle figures of the Victorian age and the second half of the industrial revolution.

Famous people of the Gilded Age (1870 to 1900) The great industrialists, such as J.D. Rockefeller, J.P. Morgan and Andrew Carnegie who defined the Gilded Age.

Woodrow_WilsonPeople of the Progressive Era (1890-1920) A period of increased federal intervention to tackle abuse of monopoly power and inequality. The Progressive Era also saw women gain the vote, and increased efforts to tackle corruption.

Edward_viiEdwardian Age (1901 to 1914). A period of growth in science, technology and also rising tensions between the major powers. Also saw the ‘heroic age’ of exploration.

Douglas_HaigPeople of the First World War (1914 to 1918) The principle figures involved in the First World War from Germany, Britain, US and the rest of the world. Includes David Lloyd George, Woodrow Wilson, the Kaiser and George Clemenceau.

louis-armstrongRoaring Twenties – ‘Jazz Era’ (1920-1929) The Roaring Twenties was a period of economic expansion and social change. New styles of music, dance and dress.  Including Calvin Coolidge, Louis Armstrong, Al Capone and Coco Chanel.

100px-MKGandhiInter-war era (1918 to 1939) A period of peace in between the two world wars. Characterised by economic boom and bust, and the growth of polarising ideologies.

Winston_S_ChurchillPeople of the Twentieth Century (1901 to 2000) Famous people of the turbulent century. Includes Winston Churchill, F.D. Roosevelt, Adolf Hitler and Stalin.

gorbachevPeople of the Cold War (1948 to 1990) Famous people who participated in the Cold War between the Soviet block and the US/NATO allies.

Barack_ObamaPeople of the Twenty First Century (2001 -) Politicians, musicians, authors, scientists and sports figures of the New Millennium.

lenin Famous leaders – A list of famous leaders who led their country. Includes Catherine the Great, Napoleon, Julius Ceasar, Winston Churchill and F.D. Roosevelt.

Famous socialists – From Karl Marx the founder of Marxism, to leading Communists, such as Lenin and Leon Trotsky. Also democratic socialists of US and UK.

NapoleonGreat military leaders – Famous military figures and leaders. Includes Genghis Khan, Saladin, Alexander the Great, Napoleon and Erwin Rommel.

Different Religions

buddhaBuddhists – Famous Buddhists, including Lord Buddha, Milarepa, the Dalai Lama and Thich Naht Hanh.

st-paulChristians – Famous Christians from Jesus Christ and the early Apostles to Catholic Popes and saints. Includes St Francis of Assisi, St Catherine of Sienna and St Teresa.

mosesJewish – Famous Jewish people, including prophets, philosophers, musicians and writers. Includes Moses, Prophet Abraham, Baruch Spinoza, Karl Marx and Yehudi Menuhin.

Muslims – Famous Muslims. Including the Prophet Muhammad, Saladin, Rumi, Muhammad Ali Jinnah, Muhammad Ali and Malala Yousafzai.

Hindus – Famous Hindus from the era of the Mahabharata to modern day India. Includes Sri Krishna, Arjuna, Mahatma Gandhi, Swami Vivekananda and Sri Anandamayi Ma.

Famous saints – Famous saints from the main religious traditions of Christianity, Hinduism, Islam, Judaism and Buddhism. Includes St Francis of Assisi, Mirabai and Guru Nanak.

Harriet_TubmanPeople in the anti-slavery movement – Men and women who campaigned for the end of slavery. This includes former slaves such as Harriet Tubman and Frederick Douglass, and political campaigners, such as William Wilberforce and Abraham Lincoln.

Other groups of people

Animal rights activists – Brigitte Bardot, Linda McCartney, Peter Singer and Jeremy Bentham.

Vegetarians – Famous people who have adopted a vegetarian diet. Including Mahatma Gandhi, Abraham Lincoln, Rosa Parks.

writerPeople who changed their minds – Famous people who dramatically changed their minds during their lives. Including: the Buddha, Ashoka, Leo Tolstoy and Martin Niemoller.

Sir_Winston_S_ChurchillPeople who changed the world – Famous people who changed the course of history including Socrates, Newton, Einstein and Gandhi.

MariecurieWomen who changed the world – Famous women who changed the world, including Sappho, Marie Curie, Queen Victoria, and Catherine the Great.

communist-manifesto-100Books that changed the world – Important books which influenced and changed society and the world. Including The Republic, The Iliad, The Communist Manifesto and The King James Bible.

un-logoQuotes that changed the world – Inspiring quotes that changed the world from some of the world’s leading minds – including Einstein, Buddha, Darwin, and Galileo.

ideasIdeas that changed the world – Scientific, political, religious and technological ideas that transformed the world. Including democracy, feminism, human rights and relativity.

Inventions that changed the world – Famous inventions that made a great difference to the progress of the world, including aluminium, the telephone and the printing press.

People who shaped democracy – Ancient Greeks such as Cleisthenes and Colon, and modern promoters of democracy – John Locke, William Penn and Rousseau.

j.s.bachFamous Composers – A list of famous and influential composers throughout history, including the greatest composers, such as Bach, Mozart, Beethoven, Brahms and Mendelssohn.

leo-Tolstoy_1856Famous pacifists – People who refused to fight and people who supported different forms of pacifism. Includes Leo Tolstoy, Albert Einstein and Mahatma Gandhi.

gandhi People who promoted world peace – People who have made a great contribution to creating a more peaceful world. Including Mahatma Gandhi, Leo Tolstoy, Malala Yousafzai Pope John Paul II and Mikhail Gorbachev.

ZarthushtraFamous Religious leaders and founders – Key people who helped to found different religions and spiritual movements.

IsaacNewton-100 most influential people – A list of 100 most influential people as chosen by Michael H. Hast, from his book 100 most influential people in the world. Includes: Muhammad, Jesus Christ, Lord Buddha, Confucius, St Paul and Johann Gutenberg.

ThalesFamous mathematicians – A list of famous mathematicians, including Thales, Euclid, Newton, Turing and Nash.

einsteinGreat Thinkers – Influential and insightful thinkers, who have made significant contributions in fields of science, philosophy, literature and the humanities.

rene-descartesPhilosophers – Some of the world’s greatest philosophers, including Socrates, Plato, Descartes, Kant, Spinoza and David Hume.

ali100 Famous sporting personalities – 100 Famous sporting personalities, including Muhammad Ali, Nadia Comaneci, Pele and Jesse Owens.

 

 

Citation: Pettinger, Tejvan. “Categories of famous people”, Oxford, www.biographyonline.net 3 Feb. 2016