A list of the top 10 scientists of all time.
- Sir Isaac Newton. (1642-1726) Newton was a polymath who made investigations into a whole range of subjects including mathematics, optics, physics, and astronomy. In his Principia Mathematica, published in 1687, he laid the foundations for classical mechanics, explaining law of gravity and the Laws of Motion.
- Louis Pasteur. (1822 – 1895) Contributed greatly towards the advancement of medical sciences developing cures for rabies, anthrax and other infectious diseases. Also enabled process of pasteurisation to make milk safer to drink. Probably saved more lives than any other person.
- Galileo. (1564 – 1642) Creating one of the first modern telescope, Galileo revolutionised our understanding of the world successfully proving the earth revolved around the sun and not the other way around. His work Two New Sciences laid ground work for science of Kinetics and strength of materiels.
- Marie Curie. (1867 – 1934) Polish physicist and chemist. Discovered radiation and helped to apply it in the field of X ray. She won Nobel Prize in both Chemistry and Physics.
- Albert Einstein. (1879 – 1955) Revolutionised modern physics with his general theory of relativity. Won Nobel Prize in Physics (1921) for his discovery of the Photoelectric effect, which formed basis of Quantum Theory.
- Charles Darwin. (1809 – 1882) Developed theory of evolution against a backdrop of disbelief and scepticism. Collected evidence over 20 years, and published conclusions in On the Origin of Species (1859).
- Otto Hahn (1879-1968) – German
Chemist who discovered nuclear fission (1939). Pioneering scientist in the field of radio-chemistry. Discovered radio-active elements and nuclear isomerism (1921). Awarded Nobel Prize for Chemistry (1944)
- Nikola Tesla (1856 –1943) – Work on electro-magnetism and AC current. Credited with many patents from electricity to radio transmission.
- James Clerk Maxwell (1831-1879) – Made great strides in understanding electro-magnetism. His research in electricity and kinetics, laid foundation for quantum physics. Einstein said of Maxwell, “The work of James Clerk Maxwell changed the world forever.”
- Aristotle 384BC – 322BC Great early Greek scientist who made many researches in the natural sciences including botany, zoology, physics, astronomy, chemistry, and meteorology, geometry
Other Great Scientists include
- Scientist Biographies
- Charles Babage – Inventor of first mechanical computers.
- Michael Faraday – magno electrics
- Stephen Hawking - work on black holes
- Alexander Fleming – penicillin
- Emil Fisher (1838–1914) – The outstanding chemist of the modern age. Synthesized many products to show their constituent parts. Won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1902 for his research into the chemical composition of purines and sugars.
- Johannes Kepler (1571-1630) – Three laws of planetary motion
- Sir Jagadish Chandra Bose. Great Bengali scientist who made important contributions in the field of radio and microwave technology. Also showed how sap in a plant rose.
- Paul Dirac. One of the early exponents of quantum physics. Paul developed theories of the electron and the special theory of relativity.
- Stephen Hawking – modern day scientist
- Ernest Rutherford (1871 – 1937) – 20th century nuclear physicist, Nobel prize winner
Suggest scientists to be in the list. Who do you think should be in the top 10 list?
Scientists and their Inventions
Many of the scientists on this list have contributed to these famous inventions
- Top 10 Inventors
- Top 10 Entrepreneurs
- Inventions that Changed the world
- Machines that Changed the world