Biographies of Humanitarians

A list of famous humanitarians – people who have actively worked to help and improve life for their fellow men and women.

peopleAbbe Pierre (1912-2007)

French humanitarian who founded charity Emmaus movement to help refugees and the homeless.

peopleMother Teresa (1910-1997)

Born in Albania, lived in India. Devoted life to serving poor and neglected people in society. Her mission worked in countries across the world.

peopleDiana Princess of Wales (1961-1997)

Active in many charities seeking to improve human welfare from AIDS to the campaign to prevent landmines.

peopleMartin Luther King (1929 – 1968)

American Civil rights activists seeking to end racism and discrimination through non-violent methods.

peopleEdith Cavell (1865-1915)

British nurse in the First World War. Executed as a spy for helping Allied soldiers to escape Belgium.

peopleRosa Parks (1913-2005)

American civil rights activist who launched campaign to end segregation by refusing to give up her seat on the bus.

peopleFlorence Nightingale (1820 – 1910)

British nurse (born in Italy) who helped improve standards of hospitals and nursing. Nightingale analysed studies of hospital treatment and found certain practises which improved survival rates.

peopleElizabeth Fry (1780-1845)
British Quaker who campaigned for better conditions in prisons, also set up charities for homeless and poor.

peopleBob Geldof (1951-)

Irish singer / song writer and fund raiser for charities in the developing world. Famous for being driving force behind ‘Band Aid’ in 1984.

peopleAudrey Hepburn (1929-1993)

British actress and humanitarian. Worked for many years with UNESCO in the developing world.

kellerHelen Keller (1880-1968)

Deaf blind from the age of two, Keller helped de stigmatise the disability and campaigned for better conditions for the blind.

peopleWilliam Wilberforce (1759-1833)

English politician, philanthropist and leading figure in the campaign to end slavery in Britain. Wilberforce also supported other social reform, such as supporting the animal welfare.

peopleMahatma Gandhi (1869-1948)

Leader of Indian independence movement. Advocated use of non-violent protest. Sought to unite different religious traditions. Also sought to improve welfare of the ‘untouchable’ caste and Indian women.

peopleGeorge Orwell (1903-1950)

Campaigning journalist who lived amongst the poorest members of society during Great Depression to write about their experiences. Also volunteered to fight in the Spanish civil war. Wrote about the dangers of totalitarian states.

peopleEleanor Roosevelt (1884-1962)

Involved in many charities and keen supporter of the United Nations. Helped to draw up charter on the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.

peopleRaisa Gorbachev (1932-1999)

Wife of Mikhail Gorbachev. Involved in many Russian charities.

peopleLord Baden Powell (1857-1941)

Founder of the Scouts movement.

peopleHarriet Beecher Stowe (1811-1869)

US Campaigner against slavery. Her novel ‘Uncle Tom’s Cabin’ helped challenge attitudes on slavery.

peopleWilliam Booth (1812-1892)

English Christian missionary who founded the Salvation Army in the Nineteenth Century. The Salvation Army sought to give Christian charity to the poorest members of society.

peopleTegla Laroupe (1973 – )

Kenyan distance runner. Since retirement she has he has devoted herself to various initiatives promoting peace, education and women’s rights.

Albert Einstein (1879 – 1955) Einstein was leading physicist of his generation. He also adopted strong positions on pacifism and spoke in favour of international co-operation.

peopleJane Goodall (1934- )

British conservationist helping to support Chimpanzee’s in the wild

Angelina_JolieAngelina Jolie (1975 – ) US actress, film producer, humanitarian. Jolie has been active as a UN Special envoy and has visited many war zones and spoken on humanitarian issues.

 

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Conservationists

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