Adventurers and Explorers Biographies

Leif Eriksson ( 970-1020 ) Eriksson was a Norse explorer who made the first European journey to North America – 500 years before the more celebrated Christopher Colombus.

Marco Polo (1254 – 1324) Polo was a
Venetian traveller and explorer who made ground-breaking journeys to Asia and China.  Becoming one of the first Europeans to travel extensively in Asia.

Christopher_ColumbusChristopher Columbus (1451 – 1506) An Italian born explorer, Columbus made four ground-breaking voyages to the Americas. Sailing in uncharted seas, Columbus’ voyages across the Atlantic and paved the way for others to follow.

Sir Francis Drake (1540 – 1597) Drake was an English explorer who made the second successful circumnavigation of the world in 1577-1580. He also fought the Spanish Armada in 1588.

Sir_Walter_RaleighSir Walter Raleigh (1552 – 1618 ) Raleigh was an English explorer who made several journeys to the Americas and also led expeditions in search of the legendary ‘El Dorado’.

Captain-cookCaptain James Cook (1728 – 1779) Cook was a British explorer who made ground breaking voyages to the Pacific Ocean. He made the first European contact with Eastern coast of Australia and he chartered several islands in the Pacific.

David_LivingstoneDavid Livingstone (1813 – 1872) Livingstone was a popular Victorian missionary who explored the continent of Africa. He sought to find the source of the Nile and spent years travelling through the inner heart of Africa.

roald-amundsenRoald Amundsen (1872 – 1928 ) Amundsen was a Norwegian explorer and a key figure in the heroic age of Antarctic exploration. Amundsen was the first to reach the South Pole in 1912. In 1926, he led the first successful expedition to reach the North Pole.

Ernest Shackleton (1874 – 1922)
Anglo Irish polar explorer. Shackleton made many ground-breaking expeditions to the Antarctic.

Amelia Earhart (1897 – 1937) American aviation pioneer and author. First woman to fly solo across the Atlantic Ocean.

Amy Johnson (1903 – 1941)
Pioneering English aviator who set numerous long-distance flying records in the 1930s.

Donald Campbell (1921 – 1967)
British speed record holder on land and water. Campbell set both land and sea records in 1964.

Wright Brothers
American brothers, Orville and Wilbur pioneered the first powered aeroplane, succeeding in 1903.

armstrongNeil Armstrong (1930 – 2012) US Pilot and astronaut. In 1969, Neil Armstrong became the first man to successful land and walk on the moon.”

 

Citation : Pettinger, Tejvan. “Biographies of explorers”, Oxford, www.biographyonline.net, 18th Feb. 2012

Related

Great Explorers – History channel
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