100 Famous Scottish People

Who is the greatest Scottish person? A list of 100 famous Scottish people.

Perhaps the most influential person from a global perspective is David Hume (philosopher) or Adam Smith (economist). From the perspective of Scottish history Robert the Bruce or William Wallace. When compiling this list, there’s certainly no shortage of inventors or writers to choose from.

If you want to make a suggestion about who should be in list (who shouldn’t) you can leave a comment people

  1. Robert the Bruce – (1274 – 1329) Leader of Revolt against English
  2. Alexander Fleming – (1881 – 1955) Discovered Penicillin
  3. John Logie Baird – (1888 – 1946) Inventor of TV and fibre optics
  4. David Hume (1711 – 1776) – Philosopher and leading figure of European enlightenment.
  5. William Wallace – (1274 – 1305) Rebel and leader of the Scottish
  6. Alex Salmond (1954 – ) Nationalist SNP leader and First Minister of Scotland)
  7. Alexander Graham Bell (1847 – 1922) – Invented telephone
  8. Alex Ferguson – (1941 – ) Football manager of Aberdeen and Manchester Unite)
  9. Robert Burns (1759 – 1796) – Poet and Writer.
  10. James Watt – (1736 – 1819) – Invented Steam Engine
  11. Adam Smith (1723 – 1790) – Economist
  12. J.K. Rowling (1961 – Writer. Born England, but lives in Scotland
  13. Eric Henry Liddell (1902 – 1945) – Olympic athlete in 1924 Paris Games. Immortalised in film ‘Chariots of Fire’
  14. Andy Murray – Tennis player, first British player to win Wimbledon for over 70 years.
  15. Rev. Patrick Bell (1800 – 1869) –   Invented the reaping machine a forerunner of combine harvester.
  16. Billy Connolly (1942 – ) – comedian
  17. Sean Connery (1930 – ) – Oscar winning Actor.
  18. Thomas Carlyle (1795 – 1881) – Writer
  19. Joseph Black (1728 – 1799) – Chemist.   Regarded as the Father of Quantitative Chemistry.
  20. Andrew Bonar-Law (1858 – 1923) – British Prime  Minister
  21. Sir James Dewar (1842 – 1923) – Invented vacuum flask.
  22. Lord John Boyd-Orr (1880 – 1971) – Nobel Peace prize in 1947, as Director of the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO)
  23. Robert Stevenson (1772 – 1850) – Engineer
  24. James Boswell (1740 – 1795) – Biographer and Traveller.
  25. Robert Louis Stevenson (1850 – 1894) – Author
  26. Jackie Stewart (1939 – ) World Champion Racing Driver
  27. Robert William Thomson (1822 – 1873) – Invented the vulcanised rubber pneumatic tyre.
  28. Sir Arthur Conan Doyle (1859 – 1930) – Author. Creator of  Sherlock Holmes.
  29. Tony Blair (1953 – ) British Prime Minister
  30. John Boyd Dunlop (1840 – 1921) – Invented improvement to pneumatic tyre.
  31. Sir David Brewster (1781 – 1868) – Physicist and inventor of kaleidoscope.
  32. William Spiers Bruce (1867 – 1921) – Oceanographer and Polar Explorer.
  33. John Buchan   (1875 – 1940) – Author, biographer and politician.
  34. Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman (1836 – 1908) – Prime Minister of Britain between 1906 and 1908.
  35.  Andrew Carnegie (1835 – 1918) – U.S. Steel magnate and philanthropist.
  36. Gordon Brown (1951 – ) – British Prime Minister from 2007
  37. James Chalmers (1782 – 1853) – Inventor of adhesive postage stamp
  38. James Braid (1795 – 1860) – Surgeon and developed process of Hypnosis.
  39. James  Clark (1936 – 1968) – World Racing Champion.
  40. Bill Shankly (1913 – 1981) – Football Manager
  41. George Cleghorn (1716 – 1794) – Doctor who helped discover Quinine as cure for Malaria
  42. Sir Ralph Alexander Cochrane (1895 – 1977) – Air Chief in World War Two. Planned Dambusters raid in 1943
  43. James Keir Hardie (1856 – 1915) – Socialist, founder of Independent labour party, forerunner of British Labour Party.
  44. Donald Crisp (1880 – 1974) – Oscar Winning Actor for role in     “How Green is my Valley “ 1941.
  45. James Ramsay MacDonald (1866 – 1937) First British Labour Prime Minister. Led the first Labour government in 1924.
  46. Archibald Joseph Cronin (1896 – 1981) Author.
  47. Kenny Dalglish (1951 – ) Scottish Football player
  48. John Knox (1505 – 1572) – Instrumental in Protestant reformation in Scotland.
  49. Sir Hugh Dalrymple (Lord Drummore) (1700 – 1753) – Invented better drainage system for agriculture.
  50. David Douglas (1798 – 1834)
  51. William Whitelaw (1918 – ) Conservative British Politician
  52. Air Chief Marshall Hugh Dowding (1882 – 1970) Commander in Chief of Fighter Command during Battle of Britain.
  53. Donald Caskie (1902 – 1983) – Scottish Minister who helped British servicemen flee occupied France.
  54. Sir Patrick Geddes (1854 – 1932) – Father of Town Planning
  55. Willie Carson (1942 – ) – Race horse jockey.
  56. Charles Mackintosh (1766 – 1843) – Invented Mac Rain coat
  57. James Gregory (1638 – 1675) – Inventor of the first reflecting telescope.
  58. Earl Douglas Haig (1861 – 1928) – Commander of Allied troops on Western Front in World War. Later found the Poppy fund for ex-servicemen.
  59. William Hunter (1718 – 1783) – Pioneer in the field of Obstetrics.
  60. Elsie Inglis (1864 – 1917) – Suffragette and leading surgeon
  61. James VI (1566 – 1625) King of England and Scotland.
  62. Saint Kentigern (c. 518 – 613) – The Apostle of Cumbria and Founder of Glasgow.
  63. Kenneth Graham (1859 – 1932) – Author. Including “The Wind in the Willows”
  64. James Lind (1716 – 1794) – Naval doctor. Helped prevent scurvy on naval expeditions.
  65. Mary, Queen of Scots (1542 – 1587) – Monarch of Scotland.
  66. Joseph Lister (1827 – 1912) – Pioneered use of antiseptics reducing infections after operations.
  67.  Sir Alexander Douglas Home   (1903 – 1995) – British Prime Minister (1963).
  68. David Livingstone (1813 – 1873) – Explorer
  69. James Ure (Midge), (1953 – ) Musician.
  70. John McAdam (1756 – 1836) – Surveyor and builder of roads.
  71. Bonnie Charlie (1720 – 1788) -The Young Pretender to the throne of Great Britain
  72. David Niven, (1909-1983) – Actor
  73. Sir Chris Hoy (Cyclist)
  74. Sir Robert McAlpine (1847 – 1934) – Construction Firm.
  75. Norman MacCaig (1910 – 1996) – Poet
  76. Ronald Balfour Corbett (Ronnie), (1930) – Comic
  77. Hugh MacDiarmid (1892 – 1978) Poet. A founder of SNP
  78. Flora MacDonald (1722 – 1790)
  79. Dr. William McEwan (1827 – 1913) – Brewer and Philanthropist.
  80. Sir John Alexander MacDonald (1815 – 1891) – First Prime Minister of Canada.
  81. Kirkpatrick Macmillan (1813 – 1878) – Inventor of the Bicycle.
  82. James Clerk Maxwell (1831 – 1879] –    Mathematician and Physicist.
  83. Andrew Meikle (1719 – 1811) – Inventor of the threshing machine.
  84. Sir William Ramsay (1852 – 1916) – Chemist
  85. Sir Walter Scott (1771 – 1832) – Writer and Poet
  86. Muriel Spark (1918 – ) – Author
  87. Ewan McGregor, (1971) – Actor
  88. Robert Watson-Watt, (1892-1973), invented radar
  89. Robbie Coltrane, (1950) – Actor
  90. Donovan, (1946) – Singer
  91. Sir Thomas Lipton (1850 – 1931) – Retail Grocery trade.
  92. Annie Lennox, (1954) – Individual Singer
  93. Lulu (Marie McDonald Lawrie) (1948 – ) – Pop singer
  94. Graeme Obree – Cyclist – World Pursuit Champion and broke world hour record
  95. Jo Grimond, (1913-1993), Liberal Party leader from 1956 to 1967
  96. Sir John Sholto Douglas (8th Marquis of Queensberry) (1844 – 1900) Devised the “Queensberry Rules” for boxing in 1867.
  97. Sir William Arrol (1839 – 1913)  –  Engineer.
  98. George Wishart (1513 – 1546) – Lutheran Martyr
  99. Sir Harry Lauder (1870 – 1950) – Singer and Music Hall Entertainer.
  100. James Young (1811 – 1883)  – Chemical Engineer.

References for Famous Scottish People

  • Great Scots

 

 Related

3 Comments

  • John Paul Jones, born in Scotland, founded the American navy.

  • Why is it that Sir Andrew de Moray never appears on these type of lists of famous Scottish People. Both he and his son gave their lives fighting for Scottish Independence. He was undoubtedly the senior figure at the Battle of Stirling Bridge and was trained as a Knight and learnt from an early age the ways of tactics and strategy.

  • James Maxwell Clerk. 82? Really? Einstein didn’t think so. A true, world-class enduring genius and notwithstanding a lovely human being. Personally I think he’s better than 82 global. Why isn’t he a worldwide household icon?!

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