Hillary Diane Rodham Clinton (born October 26, 1947) is a former Democratic Presidential nomination for the 2016 elections. She is also a former United States Senator from New York, and Secretary of State under Barack Obama(2009-2013). She is married to Bill Clinton, the 42nd President of the United States, and was the First Lady of the United States from 1993 to 2001. She is also a lawyer and a former First Lady of Arkansas.
Clinton went to Yale College, and practised as a lawyer, becoming one of the countries most influential lawyers. In 1975, she moved to Arkansas and married Bill Clinton – an up and coming politician in the Democrat party. Bill Clinton was elected President in 1992, and she served as the first lady from 1993-2001.
As the first lady, she played a highly political role in supporting her husband, Bill Clinton during his Presidential term. She tried unsuccessfully to pass her Clinton Healthcare plan. She received intense media scrutiny after her husband’s affair with Monika Lewinsky. Although this put their marriage at risk, the couple have stayed together, with Clinton saying she forgave her husband, though humorously added:
“In the bible it says you have to forgive seventy times seven. I want you all to know, I’m keeping a chart.”
Clinton was elected to the United States Senate in 2000, becoming the first wife of a President to be elected to public office. As a senator, she sat on the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee on Environment and Public Works, the Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions, and the Special Committee on Aging.
In 2007, Clinton announced she would seek the US presidential nomination for the Democratic party. Despite no woman being ever selected to be a Presidential candidate, she began actively campaigning and with the support of her husband, she was considered to be a strong favourite.
However, she lost the nomination process to Barack Obama. Obama was more successful at motivating grassroots support. He was considered less polarising than Clinton and had the added advantage of being opposed to the Iraq war, which by 2008 had become unpopular.
On a tidal wave of enthusiasm, Obama won the 2008 election, and on becoming President, offered Clinton the post of Secretary of State. This gave Clinton a high profile on foreign affairs.
Clinton faced a difficult term, with the fallout from the Iraq and Afghanistan war – making America unpopular. The wiki leaks scandal also embarrassed with many top secret US diplomatic cables being published on the internet. She was a prominent member of the cabinet dealing with the Arab Spring, and controversially advocated military intervention in Libya. She has been criticised for failing to stop new Isreali settlements in Palestine and putting at risk any middle-east peace settlement. She visited 112 countries during her four-year term, making her one of the most travelled secretaries of states.
She left the state department in Jan 2013, saying:
“I am so grateful that we’ve had a chance to contribute in each of our ways to making our country and our world stronger, safer, fairer and better,”
In 2016, she again ran for the Democratic nomination for running for President. With the backing of the Democrat party establishment, she beat an insurgent campaign from Bernie Sanders. Clinton became the first woman to represent a major political party in a presidential contest.
In a brutal campaign with Republican President Trump, she lost the electoral college – despite winning the popular vote by close to three million. During the campaign, her use of a private email server was frequently mentioned and Trump frequently referred to his opponent as ‘Crooked Hilary’ and at campaign rallies promised he would ‘lock her up.’ Writing in “What Happened” she commented on the abuse and vitriol directed at her in the election campaign
“What makes me such a lightning rod for fury? I’m really asking. I’m at a loss,” she writes. “I think it’s partly because I’m a woman.”
Despite Trump being embroiled in scandals and using racist and sexist language, Clinton lost the election in one of the big US political shocks. In her concession speech of 9 November 2017, she sought to encourage other women to continue to strive for improved opportunities.
“To all the little girls who are watching this, never doubt that you are valuable and powerful and deserving of every chance and opportunity in the world to pursue and achieve your own dreams.”
What Happened by Hilary Clinton at Amazon
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