Famous Italians

A list of famous Italians from the Renaissance artists to the great Roman emperors and the political founders of modern Italy.

 

Julius Caesar (100 BC – 44 BC) Under Caesar, the Roman Empire stretched to its furthers points – crossing the Rhine and into Britain for the first time. Ceaser is the epitome of self-aggrandisement. As Ceaser himself said: “I came, I saw, I conquered”

VergilVirgil (70 BC – 19 BC) Roman poet. Wrote three epics Eclogues (or Bucolics), the Georgics, and the Aeneid.

Augustus (63 BC–AD 14), first Roman Emperor, who strengthened the Empire through his administrative skills, diplomacy and military success.

Marcus Aurelius (121-180 AD), Roman emperor and philosopher. For many generations, Aurelius symbolized the Golden Age of the Roman Empire.

St Francis of Assisi (1182-1226) The son of a nobleman, Francis underwent a religious conversion and forsook his wealth to become a monk devoted to chastity and poverty. Under his inspirational leadership, he founded a new order of monks – The Franciscans, seeking to live the spirit of the Gospels.

Marco Polo (1254 – 1324) Polo a Venetian traveller and explorer who made ground-breaking journeys to Asia and China. His journeys and writings helped to open up the Far East to Europe and is said to have inspired Christopher Columbus and many other explorers.

Dante (1265–1321) was a major Italian poet of the Middle Ages. His Divine Comedy, is one of most influential European works of literature. Dante is also called the “Father of the Italian language”.

Catherine of Siena (1347–1380), Dominican tertiary, mystic, and patron saint of Italy who played a major role in returning the papacy from Avignon to Rome (1377).

Christopher Columbus (1451 – 1506) An Italian explorer, Columbus made four ground-breaking voyages to the Americas (1st journey was in 1492 to the Bahamas). Sailing in uncharted seas, Columbus greatly extended knowledge of crossing the Atlantic and paved the way for the Spanish conquest of the Americas.

Leonardo Da Vinci (1452 – 1519) Renaissance painter, scientist, inventor, and more. Da Vinci is one of most famous painters for his iconic Mona Lisa and Last Supper. Da Vinci is considered to have had one of the greatest minds the world has ever produced.

Niccolo Machiavelli (1469–1527), political philosopher and writer; best known for his The Prince ( 1532); one of the world’s most famous essays on political science. Machiavellian politics has become a term to describe a type of political intrigue.

Michelangelo (1475 – 1564) Renaissance sculptor, painter and architect. Famous paintings include The Sistine Chapel. Famous sculptures include: ‘The Pieta’ and the statue of David.

RaphaelRaphael (1483 – 1520) Italian painter and architect from Urbino, Marche. Raphael was a prolific and influential artist of the Highhigh Renaissance trinity.

Giovanni-da_PalestrinaGiovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina (c. 1525 – 1594) Italian Renaissance composer of sacred music. Palestrina was a prolific composer of masses, mottets, madrigals and offertories. An influential work was Missa Papae Marcelli (Pope Marcellus Mass)

GalileoGalileo (1564 – 1642) Creating one of the first modern telescopes, Galileo revolutionised our understanding of the world supporting the work of Copernicus. His work Two New Sciences laid ground work for science of Kinetics and strength of materials. He also suffered house arrest for going against the prevailing teachings of the church.

Caravaggio (1571-1610) – Renaissance artist. Born in Milan, he gained a reputation for supremely talented artists with his radical naturalism.

Gioachino-RossiniGioachino Rossini (1792 – 1868) Italian composer from Pesaro on the Adriatic coast. Rossini wrote 38 great operas, transforming the opera into its modern form. Great Italian works include: The Barber of Seville (1816) and La Cenerentola. Sympathetic to French revolution, he also moved to Paris and wrote for the French theatre.

Giuseppe Mazzini (1805-1872) – Italian political activist. Campaigned for united Republic of Italy. Mazzini supported several insurrections against the foreign rule of Italian states. He played a key role in cementing support for a united Italy.

Giuseppe Garibaldi (1805-1872) – National hero of Italy. Garibaldi led a volunteer army in the Italian Wars of Independence. He played a key role in uniting Italy. He also fought in Latin America and became known as ‘The Hero of Two Worlds’

Giuseppe Verdi (1813–1901), a leading Italian composer of opera in the 19th century. Verdi was widely regarded as a musical genius for elevating the quality of opera. Verdi was an influential figure in the reunification of Italy

Victor Emmanuel II of Italy (1820–1878), king of Sardinia–Piedmont who became the first king of a united Italy. With the help of Giuseppe Garibaldi he was proclaimed the first King of Italy, paving the way for the modern state of Italy.

Benito Mussolini (1883-1945) Fascist dictator. Mussolini was head of the Italian government from 1925-43. He sought to create a new Roman Empire by allying himself with axis powers. He was executed by partisans during the fall of Italy to the Allied forces.

Padre Pio of Pietrelcina (1887–1968), Capuchin priest. He is renowned among Roman Catholics as one of the Church’s modern stigmatists. He is widely revered as a modern day saint, canonized by Pope John Paul II in 2002.

fausto_coppiFausto Coppi (1919 – 1960) Italian cyclist. Coppi – nicknamed ‘Il Campionissimo‘ was the most dominant cyclist before and after WWII. Coppi won the Giro d’Italia five times and the Tour de France twice. Also excelled in one day classics, such as Milan San Remo (*3) and World championship *2. His rivalry with Bartoli divided Italy with Coppi representing a more secular northern Italy.

Sophia Loren (1934 – ) actress. One of Italy’s great 20th-century iconic female actresses.

Alberto_TombaAlberta Tomba (1966 – ) Italian skier. Tomba was the dominant skier of the 1980s and 90s. Three times Olympic gold medallist and two times World Champion.

Other famous Italians

Silvio Berlusconi (1936), media tycoon who served three times as prime minister of Italy and has suffered numerous scandals and criminal investigations.

Romano Prodi (1939), politician who was twice prime minister of Italy (1996–98; 2006–08) and who served as president of the European Commission (1999–2004) One of the leading critics of Berlusconi.

Umberto Eco (1932), novelist; best known for his novel The Name of the Rose (1980)

Luciano Pavarotti (1935 –  2007) – Operatic tenor singer. Pavarotti became one of best known operatic and popular singers of the Twentieth Century.

Sportsmen

Valentino Rossi ( 1979), one of the most successful motorcycle racers of all time

Frankie Dettori (1970), probably the best-known jockey in the world

Mario Balotelli (1990), footballer.

Gianluigi Buffon (1978), footballer. One of most dominant and successful goalkeepers in history

Alessandro Del Piero (born 1974) regarded as one of the best footballers of his generation

Citation: Pettinger, Tejvan. + “Famous Italians”, Oxford, www.biographyonline.net, 01/12/2013

Italian history and the Italian people

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